A 2021 study reports that Indonesia has become the second largest source of marine plastic pollution in the world after China. According to the World Bank, Indonesia produces 7.8 million tonnes of plastic waste every year, 4.8 million tons of which is mismanaged. An estimated range of 201 – 552 kton/year of plastic waste ends up in the marine environment from land-based sources, two thirds of which come from Java and Sumatra, a situation made worse by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Indonesia has developed several national action plans in order to solve the problem, and committed to a decrease of 70% in marine plastic waste by 2025. However, policy implementation is not consistent. Plastic usage continues unabated and the government’s efforts seem to be insufficient to contain the problem. Its root cause largely lies in excessive consumption of disposable plastic and poor garbage management.
Given the dependency of the Indonesian populace on disposable plastic products, and in light of the high cost of plastic products, in 2017 the Indonesian government announced the allocation of $1 billion per year in pursuit of a bioplastics decomposable plastic replacement. Specifically this plan entails the promotion of polylactic acid, or PLA. PLA is a plastic made from plant (eg. corn) starch and involves bio-utilization. This separates it from the distillation polymerization polymerization of traditional plastic from non-renewable oil and natural gas.
Onenice International Co., Ltd. from Taiwan was established in 2011 and provided environmentally friendly packaging products which are exported worldwide. Their main products are biodegradable PLA series products. These include OPP bags to keep vegetables fresh, multi-function hooks, double-sided adhesives, as well as home, bathroom, kitchen accessories, promotional gifts and other products.
The biodegradable PLA series of products provided by Onenice International has excellent biodegradable properties. It is naturally degraded by microorganisms in the soil after disposal, generating carbon dioxide and water. It can also be composted or disposed of through incineration. PLA can be safely used for packaging food.
In addition to the PLA series products, Onenice’s brand off-shoot, Gecko, launched a series of products making use of the Gecko Pad gecko paste, a non-toxic, odorless, environmentally friendly synthetic resin adhesive. This product is aimed at replacing common organic solvent resin-based items. It is in keeping with a trend towards environmentally friendly products and also conforms to green energy standards. This environmentally friendly synthetic resin can be incorporated into a diverse range of products in almost every category of use. Onenice International has long been committed to extending the use of PLA to different markets. The company was awarded Dun & Bradstreet’s third-party enterprise certification in 2021; and its PLA product represents an opportunity for Indonesia to solve its plastic waste problem.